AskDefine | Define stem

Dictionary Definition

stem

Noun

1 (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem" [syn: root, root word, base, theme, radical]
2 a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ [syn: stalk]
3 cylinder forming a long narrow part of something [syn: shank]
4 the tube of a tobacco pipe
5 front part of a vessel or aircraft; "he pointed the bow of the boat toward the finish line" [syn: bow, fore, prow]
6 a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it [syn: stem turn]

Verb

1 grow out of, have roots in, originate in; "The increase in the national debt stems from the last war"
2 cause to point inward; "stem your skis"
3 stop the flow of a liquid; "staunch the blood flow"; "them the tide" [syn: stanch, staunch, halt]
4 remove the stem from; "for automatic natural language processing, the words must be stemmed" [also: stemming, stemmed]

User Contributed Dictionary

see STEM

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Old English stefn (later: stemn)

Noun

  1. The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
  2. A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogue the shaft of a feather.
  3. A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
  4. The main part of an uninflected word to which endings may be added to form inflections of the word.
  5. A vertical stroke of a letter.
  6. A vertical stroke of a symbol representing a note in written music.
  7. The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached. (FM 55-501).
Derived terms
Translations
botany: above-ground stalk of a vascular plant
  • Dutch: stam, stengel, steel
  • Finnish: varsi, runko
  • German: Stamm
  • Italian: ceppo
  • Japanese: 茎; qualifier trunk
  • Russian: ствол (stvol) of a tree, стебель (st'éb'el')
  • Swedish: stjälk
slender supporting member for an individual part of a plant
narrow supporting structure on certain man-made objects
  • Finnish: jalka, varsi, kanta
  • Italian: gambo, stelo
  • Japanese: 軸; qualifier spoon
  • Russian: стержень (st'éržen’)
linguistics: main part of a word
  • Czech: kmen
  • Dutch: stam
  • Finnish: vartalo
  • German: Wortstamm
  • Italian: radice, radicale, tema
  • Japanese: 語幹
  • Russian: основа (osnóva)
  • Swedish: ordstam
typography: vertical stroke of a letter
music: vertical stroke of a symbol representing a note in written music
  • Finnish: varsi
  • Italian: asta, gamba
  • Swedish: notskaft
nautical: forward vertical extension of the keel

Etymology 2

From Old Norse stemma.

Verb

  1. To descend in a family line.
  2. To be caused or derived; to originate.
    The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
  3. To take out the stem from something.
  4. To stop, hinder (for instance, a river or blood).
    • stem a tide
  5. To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.
Translations
to descend
to be caused
to take out the stem from something
to stop, hinder
skiing: to point the skis inward
See also

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

stem

Extensive Definition

Stem may refer to:
  • Plant stem, the above ground structures that have vascular tissue and that support leaves and flowers
  • Word stem, the base part of a word not including inflectional morphemes
  • Stem (bicycle part), connects the handlebars to the steer tube of a bicycle fork
  • Stem (music), a part of a written musical note
  • Crack stem, a device for smoking crack cocaine
  • Stem (ship), the upright member mounted on the forward end of a vessel's keel, to which the strakes are attached
  • Stem (skiing) is a technique in skiing
  • "Stem", a song by Canadian musician Hayden from his 1995 album Everything I Long For
  • Stem (band), an Estonian metal group
  • The Stems, an Australian garage rock/power pop group from the 1980s
STEM may also refer to:
stem in Czech: Kmen
stem in Icelandic: Stofn

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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