1 (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem" [syn: root, root word, base, theme, radical]
2 a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ [syn: stalk]
3 cylinder forming a long narrow part of something [syn: shank]
4 the tube of a tobacco pipe
5 front part of a vessel or aircraft; "he pointed the bow of the boat toward the finish line" [syn: bow, fore, prow]
6 a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it [syn: stem turn]
1 grow out of, have roots in, originate in; "The increase in the national debt stems from the last war"
2 cause to point inward; "stem your skis"
4 remove the stem from; "for automatic natural language processing, the words must be stemmed" [also: stemming, stemmed]
- stem, /stem/, /stem/
Etymology 1Old English stefn (later: stemn)
- The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
- A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogue the shaft of a feather.
- A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
- The main part of an uninflected word to which endings may be added to form inflections of the word.
- A vertical stroke of a letter.
- A vertical stroke of a symbol representing a note in written music.
- The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached. (FM 55-501).
botany: above-ground stalk of a vascular plant
slender supporting member for an individual part of a plant
narrow supporting structure on certain man-made objects
linguistics: main part of a word
typography: vertical stroke of a letter
- Finnish: pystyviiva
- Russian: ножка
music: vertical stroke of a symbol representing a note in written music
- Finnish: varsi
- Italian: asta, gamba
- Swedish: notskaft
nautical: forward vertical extension of the keel
Etymology 2From Old Norse stemma.
- To descend in a family line.
- To be caused or
derived; to originate.
- The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
- To take out the stem from something.
- To stop, hinder (for
instance, a river or blood).
- stem a tide
- To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.
to be caused
to stop, hinder
Stem may refer to:
- Plant stem, the above ground structures that have vascular tissue and that support leaves and flowers
- Word stem, the base part of a word not including inflectional morphemes
- Stem (bicycle part), connects the handlebars to the steer tube of a bicycle fork
- Stem (music), a part of a written musical note
- Crack stem, a device for smoking crack cocaine
- Stem (ship), the upright member mounted on the forward end of a vessel's keel, to which the strakes are attached
- Stem (skiing) is a technique in skiing
- "Stem", a song by Canadian musician Hayden from his 1995 album Everything I Long For
- Stem (band), an Estonian metal group
- The Stems, an Australian garage rock/power pop group from the 1980s
stem in Czech: Kmen
stem in Icelandic: Stofn
IC analysis, Maypole, V, accidence, accrue from, adjutage, advance, affiliation, affix, affixation, affront, allomorph, animal kingdom, ankle, antagonize, anthrophore, apparentation, arise, arise from, arrest, ascender, axis, back, baluster, balustrade, banister, bar, base, bastard type, battle, bayonet legs, be contingent on, be due to, beak, beard, beat against, beat up against, beginning, belly, bevel, bifurcate, birth, black letter, block, blood, bloodline, body, bole, bound morpheme, bow, bowlegs, bows, bowsprit, brake, branch, branch out, brave, breast, breast the wave, breed, bring before, bring forward, bring to, bring up, bring up short, brood, buck, bud from, buffet, buffet the waves, calf, cane, cap, capital, carpophore, caryatid, case, catheter, caudex, caulicle, caulis, challenge, check, checkmate, clan, class, close with, cnemis, colonnade, column, combat, come, come along, come from, come on, come out of, commencement, common ancestry, compete with, conception, confront, confront with, conjugation, consanguinity, contend against, contest, control, counter, cover ground, crotch, crutch, culm, curb, cut short, cutting, dado, dam, dare, deadlock, declension, defy, delta, deme, depend on, derivation, derive, derive from, descend, descend from, descender, descent, develop, die, difference of form, diminish, direct line, distaff side, divaricate, drainpipe, draw rein, drumstick, efflux tube, em, emanate, emanate from, emerge from, en, enclitic, encounter, ensue from, envisage, extraction, face, face with, family, fan, fat-faced type, feet, female line, fight, fight against, figurehead, filiation, fire hose, flagstaff, flow, flow from, flue pipe, folk, follow from, font, footstalk, forecastle, foredeck, foreleg, forepeak, fork, formative, free form, freeze, front, funicule, funiculus, funnel, furcate, furcula, furculum, gain ground, gamb, gambrel, garden hose, gas pipe, gather head, gather way, generate, genesis, gens, germinate from, get ahead, get along, gigot, go, go ahead, go along, go fast, go forward, go on, grapple with, grass roots, groin, groove, grow, grow from, grow out of, halt, ham, hang on, haulm, head, hind leg, hinge on, hock, hose, hosepipe, house, immediate constituent analysis, inception, infix, infixation, inflection, inguen, issue, issue from, italic, jack, jamb, jib boom, join battle with, kind, knee, labor against, lay before, leafstalk, leg, lessen, letter, ligature, limb, line, line of descent, lineage, logotype, lower case, majuscule, make good time, make head against, make progress, make progress against, make strides, make up leeway, male line, matriclan, meet, meet squarely, militate against, minuscule, morph, morpheme, morphemic analysis, morphemics, morphology, morphophonemics, move, move forward, nation, newel-post, nick, nipple, nose, offer resistance, offshoot, order, organ pipe, origin, original, originate, originate in, origination, paradigm, pass along, pass on, patriclan, pedestal, pedicel, peduncle, people, petiole, petiolule, petiolus, phratry, phyle, phylum, pi, pica, pier, pilaster, pile, piling, pillar, pipe, pipeline, pipette, piping, place before, plant kingdom, plinth, podite, point, pole, popliteal space, post, prefix, prefixation, present to, prevail over, print, proceed, proceed from, proclitic, progress, prong, prore, provenience, prow, pull up, put it to, put paid to, queen-post, quell, race, radical, radix, ramification, ramify, reduce, reed, reed pipe, reluct, reluctate, resist, result, retard, rise, rival, rod, roll, roman, root, rostrum, sans serif, scape, scissor-legs, script, seed, seedstalk, sept, set before, shaft, shank, shin, shoot, shoulder, siamese, siamese connection, side, siphon, slow, small cap, small capital, snorkel, socle, soil pipe, source, spear, spear side, species, spindle side, spire, spring, spring from, sprout, sprout from, staff, stalemate, stalk, stall, stamp, stanch, stanchion, stand, standard, standpipe, staunch, stay, steam pipe, stem from, stem the tide, stems, step forward, stick, stipe, stirps, stock, stop, stop cold, stop dead, stop short, strain, straw, strive against, struggle against, stumps, subbase, succession, suffix, suffixation, suppress, surbase, sword side, take on, tap, taproot, tarsus, theme, tigella, tongue, totem, totem pole, travel, tribe, trident, trifurcate, trotters, trunk, tube, tubing, tubulation, tubule, tubulet, tubulure, turn on, type, type body, type class, type lice, typecase, typeface, typefounders, typefoundry, upper case, upright, vie with, waste pipe, water pipe, wishbone, withstand, word-formation